“Water, thou hast no taste, no color, no odor; canst not be defined, art relished while ever mysterious. Not necessary to life, but rather life itself, thou fillest us with a gratification that exceeds the delight of the senses.”
(Antoine de Saint-Exupery: Wind, Sand, and Stars, 1939)
Over 2000 mineral springs…
There are over 2000 mineral springs in Romania, with a chemical diversity that shows the complexity of the geological conditions of the region. Most of the mineral springs can be found in Harghita and Covasna counties.
Harghita county is situated in the heart of Romania, within the Eastern Carpathians. Its neighboring counties are Neamt and Bacau in the East, Mures county in the West, Brasov and Covasna in the South, and Suceava county in the North. Harghita county has a 6610 km2 -area, which represents 2.8% of Romania’s total surface. From a geomorphologic point of view, the county’s surface consists of three distinct units: mountain area (1000-2000 m), mountain valleys and basins (400-800 m) and hills up to 1000 m.
A rich hydrographic network
Harghita county has a rich hydrographic network of surface water (lakes and swamps) and important groundwater reserves. Water sources are of very good quality in the county, not affected by industrial pollution.
Mineral waters are, by definition, ones with natural or artificially drilled springs or sources, having a varied content of different salts, gases, mineral and radioactive substances, which confer these waters their therapeutic effects. The most important mineral springs in Romania can be found in: Govora, Tușnad, Borsa, Borsec, Covasna, Călimănești-Căciulata, Slănic-Moldova, Herculane, Moneasa, Biborțeni, Sângeorz-Băi, Lacu-Sărat, Amara, Zăcământul Casin, Stațiunea Ziziu, and Sâncrăieni. There are 26 companies in Romania which produce and bottle mineral water. In 2012 approximately one billion litres were sold, 70% of which was carbonated mineral water and 30% was non-carbonated (still) mineral water.
Natural resources of potable mineral water, registered until now, produce approximately 3 billion litres annually with a balanced quantity of carbonated and non-carbonated water. This fact means that current production can be increased with more than 100%.
Spring water, just like mineral water, has to be microbiologically clean and must be bottled at its source without any chemical treatments. This kind of water does not contain minerals in a significant quantity; it only has to meet the criteria of potable water.
Based on a recent quality analysis of mineral waters and spring waters in Romania and Harghita county, we may conclude that mineral waters in Harghita county are much healthier than most of such waters existing in Europe. Experts warn consumers regarding the regular consumption of carbonated mineral water with too high levels of sodium, calcium and magnesium, or with an inappropriate pH level.
An ideal solution for everyday consumption
An ideal solution for everyday consumption must be non-carbonated water, rich in calcium and magnesium ions but poor in sodium, chlorine, nitrate and sulfate. The majority of carbonated and non-carbonated mineral and spring waters in Harghita county meet these quality criteria.
Taking into consideration the advantages of such a high number of mineral and spring waters in the county, the richness and diversity of the county’s natural resources, and its geographical position, investment in this field is important.
Harghita County Council is ready to help potential investors and the locals to reach this common goal.